An orthopedic surgery is any surgical procedure performed on the musculoskeletal system. This system is comprised of your ligaments, bones, joints, muscles, and tendons. There are three different kinds of orthopedic surgeries. Traditional procedures are now competing with minimally invasive arthroscopic surgeries that tout quicker recovery time and less pain.
Let us look at the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures:
- Joint Replacement Procedures: These procedures replace an injured joint with a prosthetic and are one of the most common orthopedic operations. Common joint replacement surgeries include knee and hip replacement surgeries. It is important that patients are monitored for signs of complications after these procedures as the procedures carry a considerable amount of risk. Among these risks are the chances that the orthopedic implant will fail or that the materials making up the implant will make their way into the blood, causing a toxic condition which is known as metalosis.
- Revision Joint Surgery: If an existing orthopedic implant has failed, it may be necessary to remove it and implant a new one. Revision surgeries are usually required when the patient received a defective implant, or an older implant has failed.
- Debridement: Whenever there is any tissue death and the affected tissue needs to be removed before healing can occur, a debridement procedure is how doctors will remove it. There are some cases where bone is also removed when it is essential.
- Spinal fusion: Spinal fusions join the vertebrae together to provide more stability to the spine or to repair damage to the spine.
- Bone Fusion: Like spinal fusions, bone fusions use grafting to fuse fractured bones together so that they can heal.
- Soft tissue repair: These procedures focus on torn tendons or ligaments.
- Internal Fixation of Bones: This type of surgery places fragments of bones together and keeps them in place using bone screws, pin, or bone plates (orthopedic implants) so that they can heal. In some cases, the devices will remain inside the body.
- Osteotomy: If a child has bone deformities, he or she will need this type of operation to help correct the deformity so that the bone grows properly.
Common Areas of the Body Requiring Orthopedic Surgery
Here are the most common body areas where orthopedic surgery may be performed. Orthopedic implants and instruments are used to perform the surgery.
- Wrists: The most common wrist surgeries are for the fracture of the distal radius or the release of carpal tunnel.
- Ankles: Fractures of the ankle are common sports injuries. They are also common workplace injuries on sites where workers can fall from considerable heights or are exposed to trip hazards.
- Hips: The most common hip procedures are the repair of the femoral neck, replacement of the hip joint with a prosthetic or a trochanteric fracture.
- Spine: The most common spinal operations are laminectomies, intervertebral disc operations, and spinal fusions.
- Shoulders: Arthroscopic surgery can be effective to repair the rotator cuff, decompress the shoulder or excise the distal clavicle.
- Knees: Procedures to repair the ACL or MCL are among the most common knee procedures. Also common is the total replacement of the knee.